Every two years, communities across the country conduct comprehensive counts of their homeless populations in order to measure the prevalence of homelessness in each community. These biennial Point-in-Time homeless counts are required by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) of all jurisdictions receiving federal Homeless Assistance Grant funding to provide housing and services for homeless individuals and families.
San Francisco Continuum of Care currently receives more than $20 million in federal funding, a key resource for the county’s homeless services. San Francisco’s 2015 point‐in‐time count, conducted by Applied Survey Research, included a complete enumeration of all unsheltered and publicly sheltered homeless persons. The biennial point-in-time counts are the primary source of nationwide data on sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons and help communities and the federal government better understand the nature of homelessness locally and nationwide.
POINT-IN-TIME HOMELESS COUNT (CONDUCTED IN JANUARY)
How San Francisco is Performing
The number of individuals counted in the 2017 general street and shelter count was 6,986. This was an increase of more than 4% over the 2015 count.
In 2013, 2015 and 2017, San Francisco conducted a supplemental youth count on the same day as the general homeless count. Conducted in areas where youth tend to congregate by homeless youth peers, the youth count is intended to improve the quality of data on this subgroup.
In 2017, the number of unsheltered individuals counted in the general street count was 3,840. The supplemental youth count identified an additional 513 unsheltered persons: 501 unaccompanied children and transitional-age youth, and 12 youth and children in youth-headed family households. The total number of unsheltered persons counted in on January 26, 2017 was 4,353. San Francisco’s Point-in-Time Count also includes a count of people staying in institutions and settings that fall outside the federal definition of homelessness. Of the additional 3,146 individuals included in the shelter count, 20% (641 people) were counted in residential programs, jails, and hospitals.
When the youth count and general count are combined, the total number of unsheltered and sheltered persons in San Francisco on January 26, 2017, was 7,499. This combined count shows a 2 percent increase since 2013.
How Performance is Measured
The federal definition for homelessness point-in time counts includes those individuals and families living in a supervised publicly or privately operated shelter, or those with a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for regular sleeping accommodations such as cars, parks, abandoned buildings, bus or train stations, airport, or camping grounds.
The general street count was conducted on January 29, 2015, from approximately 8PM to midnight and covered all 47 square miles of San Francisco. The shelter count was conducted on the same evening and included all individuals staying in emergency shelters, transitional housing facilities, domestic violence shelters, jails, hospitals and treatment facilities.
The number displayed on the scorecard page represents the annual count from 2017 in the chart above.
Read the Point-in-Time Homeless Count Reports.
Please click first on the chart above and then click the “Download” button in the bottom right corner of the visualization to view and download the data displayed in the chart.