Percentage of Citations for Top Five Causes of Collisions

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Target: 50% of traffic citations issued for top five causes of collisions ("Focus on the Five")

Result: 48% of traffic citations issued for top five causes of collisions ("Focus on the Five")

As part of the City’s “Vision Zero” goal to end traffic fatalities by 2024, the San Francisco Police Department (SFPD) has committed to “Focus on the Five” – to issue half of traffic citations to the five most common causes of collisions and injuries: speeding, violating pedestrian right-of-way in a crosswalk, running red lights, running stop signs, and failing to yield while turning. These five violations were identified by an in-depth analysis of SFPD collision data by the San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency (SFMTA) in December 2012.

“Focus on the Five” represents an important shift toward data-driven deployment of limited traffic enforcement resources to target the most dangerous traffic violations. All 10 District Stations and the Traffic Company of the SFPD are committed to the “Focus on the Five” traffic enforcement program. See below for the percentages of "Focus on the Five" citations by each police district station and the Traffic Company. The chart below can be customized to view the percentages of "Focus on the Five" or total number of "Focus on the Five" citations using the buttons at the top of the chart. The chart can be filtered by individual police district station or a group of stations using the selection pane on the right of the chart; the percentage or total number of "Focus on the Five" citations is calculated and visualized for the group selected. 


Effective September 2016, the percentage of citations for the top five causes of collisions was calculated as a percentage of traffic citations. Before September 2016, this calculation was as a percentage of all citations.

Note that variation in the type of citations is expected across police districts. The largest police districts (Bayview, Ingleside, and Taraval) have the most stop signs, whereas denser police districts such as Central, Southern, and Northern have the most signalized intersections, and the Tenderloin police district includes only one stop sign.

SFPD currently has three grant initiatives aimed at increasing traffic safety: one to address driving under the influence, one to address traffic around schools and involving senior citizens, and a Safe Speeds Campaign to address speed enforcement. The Safe Speeds Campaign is a cooperative effort with the Department of Public Health and the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. It includes the purchase of 40 new LIDAR devices for speed enforcement and funds public education and additional hours of speed enforcement for one year beginning in Fall 2016.

How the San Francisco Police Department is Performing

Traffic citations are issued by each of the SFPD's 10 police district stations as well as the citywide Traffic Company. When consistent measurements began in January 2014, 22 percent of violations were for the top five most dangerous behaviors. The SFPD reached its target of 50 percent overall for “Focus on the Five” violations for the first time in August 2016, but has trended downward since performance peaked in September 2016 (at 59%). Since June 2017, the SFPD reached its target once in April 2019 (at 53.5%) but decreased to 47.6% in May 2019. Since March 2019, "Focus on the Five" violations have trended upwards with the 50% goal met in April, June, July and August 2019.

How Performance is Measured

Currently, citations that are issued by each of the 10 District Stations are hand tallied. The separate Traffic Detail officers have handheld devices for citations, and their citations issued are downloaded at the end of each shift. These results are compiled to get the overall view of the department’s progress toward meeting the goal of 50 percent “Focus on the Five” citations. A project is underway to have all of the data readily available via the automated, handheld system in 2018.

The number displayed on the scorecard page represents a fiscal year average of the values in the chart above.

Additional Information


Please visit the SFPD website for the scorecard data.